The Rohingya resolution has been unanimously adopted by the United Nations for the first time. The resolution was jointly raised by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the European Union (EU).
The United Nations on Wednesday (November 17th) adopted a resolution entitled “The Human Rights Situation of Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslim and Other Minority Communities”.
The resolution praised the generosity and humanity shown by Bangladesh in providing shelter and humanitarian assistance to the displaced Rohingyas and their inclusion in the national CoVID-19 vaccine program, according to the UN Permanent Mission to Bangladesh.
The efforts and investment of the Government of Bangladesh in relocating a section of Rohingyas from the overcrowded asylum camp in Cox’s Bazar to Bhasanchar and building infrastructure and other facilities are also recognized. The signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between Bangladesh and the UN Human Rights Commission in this regard was welcomed.
The resolution focuses primarily on the human rights situation in Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslim and other minority communities, and on the context of the state of emergency imposed in Myanmar in February this year.
The resolution called on Myanmar to find out the root cause of the Rohingya problem, fulfill the obligations of the bilateral agreement signed with Bangladesh and extend full cooperation to all UN human rights organizations, including the UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Myanmar. The resolution called for a vigilant eye on the ongoing trial and accountability process.
It welcomed the newly appointed UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Myanmar and called for an action plan involving Myanmar. The resolution called for the renewal and effective implementation of the Tripartite Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between Myanmar, UNHCR and UNDP to create a conducive environment for the repatriation of displaced Rohingya in Rakhine State.
Ambassador Rabab Fatima, Bangladesh’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, said the Rohingya resolution was a reflection of the international community’s strong commitment to resolving the crisis.
He said Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina opened the border of Bangladesh for the displaced Rohingyas on humanitarian grounds. But it is deeply regrettable that Myanmar’s failure to create an environment conducive to the self-motivated, safe and sustainable return of the Rohingya has created long-term problems in Bangladesh. The frustration of the Rohingya is intensifying due to the lack of progress on repatriation, which is creating various security concerns and instability in the region.
Ambassador Fatima said it was hoped that this year’s resolution would serve as a motivation for taking practical steps to ensure a safe and dignified repatriation process for the displaced Rohingya in their homeland Myanmar. Which will play a significant role in the sustainable solution of this long-term problem.
The resolution is co-sponsored by 107 countries, the highest number since 2017. In addition to the European Union and the OIC, the resolution is supported and co-sponsored by a significant number of countries in various geographical regions, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Switzerland, Japan, and South Korea.
Expressing optimism over the unanimous adoption of the Rohingya resolution, Ambassador Fatima said that the resolution was passed with a strong mandate, which would give new hope to the Rohingyas that they are waiting for the way.